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Resources: Use of an unmanned surface vehicle for cost-effective assessment of fish utilization of areas of ecological and management importance in Southeastern US Atlantic waters

Lead PI: Gabrielle Canonico, US IOOS


  • Ban, N. C., Adams, V. M., Almany, G. R., Ban, S., Cinner, J. E., McCook, L. J., Mills, M., Pressey, R. L. & White, A. (2011). Designing, implementing and managing marine protected areas: emerging trends and opportunities for coral reef nations. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 408, 21–31.
  • Campanella, F., and Taylor, J. C. 2016. Investigating acoustic diversity of fish aggregations in coral reef ecosystems from multifrequency fishery sonar surveys. Fisheries Research, 181: 63–76.
  • Carrie C. Wall, David A. Mann, Chad Lembke, Chris Taylor, Ruoying He & Todd Kellison (2017) Mapping the Soundscape Off the Southeastern USA by Using Passive Acoustic Glider Technology, Marine and Coastal Fisheries, 9:1, 23-37
  • Chérubin, L.M., F. Dalgleish, A.Ibrahim, M. Schärer, R.S. Nemeth, A. Matthews, and R. Appeldoorn, 2020. Fish Spawning Aggregations Dynamics as Inferred from a Novel, Persistent Presence Robotic Approach. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6:779.
  • Costa B, Taylor JC, Kracker L, Battista T, Pittman S (2014) Mapping Reef Fish and the Seascape: Using Acoustics and Spatial Modeling to Guide Coastal Management. PLoS ONE 9(1): e85555.
  • De Robertis, Alex, Noah Lawrence-Slavas, Richard Jenkins, Ivar Wangen, Calvin W Mordy, Christian Meinig, Mike Levine, Dave Peacock, Heather Tabisola. 2019. Long-term measurements of fish backscatter from Saildrone unmanned surface vehicles and comparison with observations from a noise-reduced research vessel. ICES Journal of Marine Science, Volume 76, Issue 7, December 2019, Pages 2459–2470,
  • Domeier, M.L. and P.L. Colin, 1997. Tropical reef fish spawning and aggregations: defined and reviewed. Bull. Mar. Sci., 60(3), 698-726.
  • Eklund, A.M., D.B. McClennal, and D.E. Harper, 2000. Black grouper aggregations in relation to protected areas within the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. Bull. Mar. Sci., 66(3), 721–728.
  • Erisman, B., W. Heyman, S. Kobara, T. Ezer, S. Pittman, O. Aburto-Oropeza, and R.S. Nemeth 2017. Fish spawning aggregations: where well-placed management actions can yield big benefits for fisheries and conservation. Fish and Fisheries, 18(1), 128–144
  • Kobara, S. & Heyman, W.D. 2010. Sea bottom geomorphology of multi-species spawning aggregation sites in Belize. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser., 405, 231–242.
  • Kobara, S, W.D. Heyman, S. J. Pittman, R. S. Nemeth, 2013. Biogeography of transient reef fish spawning aggregations in the Caribbean: a synthesis for future research and Management. Ocean. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev., 51, 281–326.
  • Mumby, P.J., C.P. Dahlgren, A.R. Harborne, C.V. Kappe, F. Micheli, D.R. Brumbaugh, K.E. Holmes, J.M. Mendes, K.Broad, J.N. Sanchirico, K. Buch, S. Box, R.W. Stoffle, and A.B. Gill, 2006. Fishing, Trophic Cascades, and the Process of Grazing on Coral Reefs. Science., 311, 98–101.
  • Pomeroy, R.S., J.E. Parks, and L.M. Watson. 2004. How is your MPA doing? A guidebook of natural and social indicators for evaluating marine protected area management effectiveness. IUCN, Protected Areas Program; WWF; United States, NOAA.
  • Sadovy, Y, 1997. The case of the disappearing grouper: Epinephelus striatus (Pisces: Serranidae). J Fish Biol. 46(6), 961-976.
  • Sadovy De Mitcheson, Y. A. Cornish, M. Domeier, P. Colin, M. Russel and K.C. Lindeman. 2008. A Global Baseline for Spawning Aggregations of Reef Fishes Conservation Biology, Volume 22, No. 5, 1233–1244.
  • SAFMC (South Atlantic Fishery Management Council). 2016.  Amendment 36 to the Fishery Management Plan for the Snapper Grouper Fishery in the South Atlantic Region.  South Atlantic Fishery Management Council. Charleston, SC.
  • Sala, E., E. Ballesteros, R.M. Starr, 2001. Rapid decline of Nassau Grouper Spawning Aggregations in Belize: Fishery Management and Conservation Needs. Fisheries, 26(10), 23-30.
  • Smith, C. L. 1972. A spawning aggregation of Nassau grouper, Epinephelus striatus (Block). Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 101, 225-261.
  • Wall, C.C. David A. Mann, Chad Lembke, Chris Taylor, Ruoying He & Todd Kellison, 2017. Mapping the Soundscape Off the Southeastern USA by Using Passive Acoustic Glider Technology. Marine and Coastal Fisheries, 9(1), 23-37, DOI: 10.1080/19425120.2016.1255685